Medieval manuscripts of classical works are only rarely illustrated and decorated. Yet, surprises abound. This week I was looking at a manuscript of Lucan’s Civil War, also known as Pharsalia: British Library Harley 2728. The manuscript was produced in Germany sometimes between 1030-1060. Heavily annotated – as most classical texts were -, it was also decorated with beautiful initials for the beginning of each of the ten books. Many of the explanatory marginal notes are written in geometrical patterns. There are several diagrams (including one for the mountains of Greece) and illustrations which also help explain some of the text. The words of Cornelia’s lament in book 8 are marked with musical neumes, as if the passage was meant to be sung.