Medieval calculations

There are many sad truths about medieval manuscripts. They took extremely long to write. Scribes’ eyesight was a common casualty…

Opting out like a monk

Europe’s two most productive groups of scribes that written culture depended on were the slaves of the ancient period and…

Incarcerations

There is a meme out there about the power of books which shows a little girl standing on top of…

Pages of stone

A great deal of medieval architecture was inspired by manuscript art. And a lot of medieval manuscript art began in…

A tale of two weavers

If Arachne was the greatest weaver, Penelope was the world’s ultimate unraveller. The two women belong to two different tales,…

Mythologies of writing

It is a curious fact that there are no ancient myths about writing and reading, although writing had been invented…

Fallen icons

Warning, an unseasonal confession. As I get older, I fear less the slow approach of my own demise than the…

Beyond optical recognition

With the advent of Christianity, the West was introduced to a novel reading practice, that of meditative reading. Ruminating over…

The imitation game

One of the great discoveries of classical antiquity was the principle of mimesis. It’s not that the peoples of the…