The polyglot and poly-alphabetical Middle Ages

An exceptional collection of seven alphabets (two Hebrew, one Greek, one 'Chaldaean', one 'Egyptian', one runic, and one of obscure origin entitled 'Norma') is preserved in a manuscript in the Vatican library ( composed in Northern France or perhaps Germany and dating, probably, from the first half of the 9th century AD. ¬†Written in Caroline... Continue Reading →

Anglo-Saxon manuscript treasure online

One of the most important collections of Anglo-Saxon manuscripts - for centuries kept at Corpus Christi College in Cambridge - has been entirely digitised, and is now available on the internet. The college's Parker Library holds more than 550 documents - including the 6th Century St Augustine Gospels, and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, the earliest history... Continue Reading →

Partial cartulary online

I've just uploaded half of the manuscript I wrote about a couple of days ago (Luxembourg cartulary from the 14th century). It's not final though as it needs some editing but the essential is there and the text is highly readable. I will try to complete the manuscript by the end of next week. In... Continue Reading →

Punishment for coin forgery in 15th century France

The counterfeiter is shown being boiled in this 15th c. manuscript from Toulouse. During the 14th and the 15th centuries, French kings effortlessly tried to reduce coin counterfeiting or "faux-monnayage" as the kingdom was expanding and the royal authority was being reinforced in the provinces.

Blog at

Up ↑