The oldest fragment of the Vulgate Gospels

The earliest surviving copy of St Jerome's Vulgate version of the Gospels is a manuscript produced in Italy (perhaps in Verona) in aboutĀ 410-420 AD, now in St Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 1395. The following leaf contains the text of John 16:30 - 17:8. Of this fragment, M.B. Parkes says: "The oldest known method of presenting... Continue Reading →

A medieval ‘knock-knock’ joke

The meta-literary mock legend of St Nemo is the result of one of the more sophisticated linguistic jokes in the medieval period. The Latin indefinite pronounĀ nemo means 'no one' and is found, naturally, in many medieval texts. In the Bible, we are told that 'no one is accepted as a prophet in his own country'... Continue Reading →

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