Medieval calculations

There are many sad truths about medieval manuscripts. They took extremely long to write. Scribes’ eyesight was a common casualty … More

Opting out like a monk

Europe’s two most productive groups of scribes that written culture depended on were the slaves of the ancient period and … More


There is a meme out there about the power of books which shows a little girl standing on top of … More

Pages of stone

A great deal of medieval architecture was inspired by manuscript art. And a lot of medieval manuscript art began in … More

A tale of two weavers

If Arachne was the greatest weaver, Penelope was the world’s ultimate unraveller. The two women belong to two different tales, … More

Mythologies of writing

It is a curious fact that there are no ancient myths about writing and reading, although writing had been invented … More

Fallen icons

Warning, an unseasonal confession. As I get older, I fear less the slow approach of my own demise than the … More

Beyond optical recognition

With the advent of Christianity, the West was introduced to a novel reading practice, that of meditative reading. Ruminating over … More

The imitation game

One of the great discoveries of classical antiquity was the principle of mimesis. It’s not that the peoples of the … More